How did the clowns appear?
History of Clowns
In circuses, clown jesters were actors with great agility, flexibility, who
entertained audiences with their feigned clumsiness and their jests.
Clowns first appeared in the 3rd millennium BC in Egypt. They were
entertainers who were allowed to mock everybody including the rulers.
But there is no commonly accepted theory about where clowning in its current
form originated as modern clowns borrow from including the pantomimes of
Greece, the court jesters or the buffoons.
Actually, most cultures had a sort of clown character, and today’s clowns
borrow from many such characters.
Originally, the clown in the circus was hired to fill the gap between two shows. His job was to create a loud
and gesticulating diversion until the acrobats or animals were prepared to enter. And even in today’s circus, the
function of the clown is reduced to filling in time around the arena while the properties and apparatus for the
aerialists, the trapeze artists and the acrobats are manhandled into the ring.
In the second part of the nineteenth century, there was a heyday for clowns, and even into comparatively recent
times there remained traces of that tradition when the circus clown had to be an adept in every branch of circus
work - riding, tumbling, balancing, animal training, and very often a skilled musician. Thus, in many instances the
clown is a very complex character.
Types of Clowns
There are many types of clowns.
1. THE WHITE
CLOWN is one of the best known ones.
With the white clown, the facial features disappear entirely,
leaving only empty space, no name, no identity.
He is an elegant and intriguing character. It confuses the public
by its lack of intentions in the face.
2. THE AUGUSTE is another
well known clown character.
It has a red nose, its mouth is wide open and smiling.
In the circus tradition, he crossed the track to reach the public in order to entertain the public. It appears
many times together with the white clown and its role is to destabilize the white clown.